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To Be Born Of Water And The Spirit In John 3:5 Explained

Understanding the Symbolism of Water and the Spirit in John 3:5


In the Gospel of John, chapter 3, verse 5, Jesus told Nicodemus that in order to enter the kingdom of God, one must be “born of water and the Spirit.” While interpretations of this passage have varied, a closer examination of related Scriptures reveals that being “born of water” symbolizes being born of the Word of God, not water baptism, and being “born of the Spirit” signifies a spiritual rebirth. Let us explore these concepts and their implications for salvation.

Born of Water: Born of the Word of God

Contrary to popular belief, the phrase “born of water” in John 3:5 does not refer to water baptism but instead carries a symbolic meaning. Water often symbolizes purification, cleansing, and the Word of God in various biblical contexts. Ephesians 5:25-26 states that Christ loved the church and cleansed it “by the washing of water with the word.” Here, water is associated with the transformative power of God’s Word to purify and sanctify believers.

Furthermore, James 1:18 describes believers as “firstfruits of his creatures,” emphasizing that they are born by God through the “word of truth.” This verse highlights the role of the Word of God in the spiritual birth and transformation of believers. Similarly, 1 Peter 1:23 affirms that believers are “born again, not of perishable seed but of imperishable, through the living and abiding word of God.” Here, the word of God is depicted as the source of the new birth.

Taken together, these Scriptures support the interpretation that being “born of water” in John 3:5 refers to being born of the Word of God. It signifies the transformative power of God’s Word to bring about spiritual rebirth and regeneration.

Born of the Spirit: A Spiritual Rebirth

In John 3:5, Jesus also speaks of being “born of the Spirit.” This phrase emphasizes the necessity of a spiritual rebirth through the Holy Spirit. To be born of the Spirit means to experience a radical transformation in one’s inner being, where the Holy Spirit indwells and empowers the believer.

Throughout the New Testament, the Holy Spirit’s role in the new birth is highlighted. In John 6:63, Jesus states, “It is the Spirit who gives life; the flesh is no help at all.” The Holy Spirit is the agent of spiritual life and regeneration, enabling believers to be born anew. Galatians 5:22-23 further emphasizes the transformative work of the Holy Spirit in producing the fruit of the Spirit within believers.

This spiritual rebirth involves surrendering one’s life to Jesus Christ and allowing the Holy Spirit to transform the heart, mind, and desires. It is a personal and ongoing relationship with God that brings about true salvation and a life characterized by the Spirit’s presence and guidance.


In John 3:5, Jesus teaches that to enter the kingdom of God, one must be “born of water and the Spirit.” Contrary to popular interpretations, being “born of water” does not refer to water baptism but symbolizes being born of the Word of God. Water represents the purifying and transformative power of God’s Word, which leads to spiritual rebirth. Furthermore, being “born of the Spirit” highlights the necessity of a personal relationship with the Holy Spirit, allowing for a radical transformation and ongoing spiritual growth.

Understanding the symbolism of water and the Spirit in John 3:5 deepens our understanding of the biblical concept of salvation. It emphasizes the vital role of God’s Word and the Holy Spirit in bringing about new life and spiritual growth in believers.


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