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What is the Whole / Full Armour of God? | Ephesians 6:11 and 13

Understanding the Whole Armor of God: Ephesians 6:11 and 13

Ephesians 6:11 and 13 are verses that hold profound significance within the Christian faith. These verses introduce us to the concept of the “whole armor of God,” a metaphorical framework that offers powerful insights into the spiritual warfare that believers face. In this comprehensive blog post, we will delve deep into the meaning and significance of the whole armor of God, exploring its components and the vital role it plays in a Christian’s life.

Understanding the Context

Before we dive into Ephesians 6:11 and 13, it’s crucial to understand the broader context of the book of Ephesians. Written by the Apostle Paul, Ephesians is a letter addressed to the Christian community in Ephesus. In Ephesians 6:10-20, Paul emphasizes the importance of spiritual warfare and the need for believers to be equipped for this battle.

The Armor of God: Ephesians 6:11

Ephesians 6:11 sets the stage for Paul’s discussion of the armor of God. It states, “Put on the whole armor of God so that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.” Let’s break down this verse to understand its components in greater detail:

  1. Put on: The phrase “put on” implies an intentional and ongoing act. Just as a soldier puts on physical armor before heading into battle, believers are called to continually clothe themselves with the spiritual armor provided by God. This underscores the idea that spiritual readiness is not a one-time event but a daily practice.
  2. The Whole Armor of God: The term “whole” or “full” armor of God signifies that it is comprehensive and complete. It covers every aspect of a believer’s spiritual life, leaving no vulnerability to the schemes of the devil. It is not a pick-and-choose selection of armor but a complete set, ensuring that every facet of our being is protected.
  3. Stand Against the Wiles of the Devil: Here, the purpose of the armor is revealed – to stand firm against the devil’s cunning strategies and temptations. Spiritual warfare is a reality in the life of every believer, and being equipped with the whole armor of God is essential to withstand these attacks. The term “wiles” implies deceit and craftiness, emphasizing the need for vigilant defense.

The Components of the Full Armor of God: Ephesians 6:13

Ephesians 6:13 elaborates on the individual components of the armor of God. It says, “Therefore, take up the whole armor of God, so that you may be able to withstand on that evil day, and having done everything, to stand firm.” Each piece of the armor serves a unique and crucial purpose in the believer’s spiritual life:

  1. The Belt of Truth: The belt holds everything together. In the spiritual context, truth is the foundation of our faith. Knowing and living by the truth of God’s Word is essential. It provides stability and unity to the rest of the armor, ensuring that our beliefs and actions are aligned with God’s truth.
  2. The Breastplate of Righteousness: The breastplate protects the heart, a vital organ symbolizing our innermost being. For believers, righteousness guards our hearts against sin and guilt. It is imputed to us through faith in Christ, covering us and shielding us from the accusations of the enemy.
  3. Feet Shod with the Gospel of Peace: This footwear provides stability and readiness to share the message of peace with others. As believers, we are called to be ambassadors of God’s peace, and our preparedness to spread this message is an essential part of our spiritual armor.
  4. The Shield of Faith: Faith acts as a shield, deflecting the fiery darts of doubt, fear, and unbelief that the enemy hurls. Trusting in God’s promises is our defense against these attacks. It’s not a small, handheld shield but a large, protective barrier that covers us entirely when we use it with conviction.
  5. The Helmet of Salvation: The helmet protects the head, symbolizing our salvation and the assurance of our eternal destiny. It guards mind, a battleground where the enemy often seeks to plant doubts and confusion. Salvation assures us of our eternal destiny and protects our thoughts from the enemy’s attacks. It reminds us of our identity in Christ, strengthening our mental resilience.
  6. The Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God: This is the only offensive weapon mentioned in the armor. It is the Word of God, the Bible, which empowers believers to combat falsehoods and advance God’s truth. The Word of God is both a defensive and offensive tool, serving as a shield and a weapon when used effectively.

Standing Firm in Spiritual Warfare

In Ephesians 6:14-17, Paul provides a vivid metaphorical description of each piece of the armor, emphasizing the importance of putting on every element. The purpose of this armor is not only personal protection but also to enable believers to stand firm and engage in the spiritual battles they encounter.

  1. The Belt of Truth: The belt represents integrity and honesty. It signifies the importance of aligning our beliefs and actions with the truth of God’s Word. In a world filled with deception, the belt of truth helps us stay grounded in our faith.
  2. The Breastplate of Righteousness: The breastplate guards our hearts against the accusations of the enemy. It reminds us that our righteousness comes from Christ and shields us from the shame and condemnation the devil seeks to impose on us.
  3. Feet Shod with the Gospel of Peace: Our footwear equips us to walk confidently in our faith and to share the good news of God’s peace with others. It reminds us of our mission to bring reconciliation and hope to a broken world.
  4. The Shield of Faith: Faith is our shield against doubt and fear. It’s not just a passive belief but an active trust in God’s promises. When we raise our shield of faith, we can extinguish the fiery arrows of doubt and unbelief.
  5. The Helmet of Salvation: The helmet secures our head and protects our minds from the lies and deceptions of the enemy. It reminds us of our secure salvation in Christ, giving us confidence in our identity as children of God.
  6. The Sword of the Spirit, which is the Word of God: The Word of God is our offensive weapon. When we wield it, we can counter the enemy’s attacks with the truth of Scripture. It is a tool for both defense and proclamation.


The whole armor of God in Ephesians 6:11 and 13 is a powerful metaphorical framework that underscores the need for spiritual preparedness in the face of spiritual warfare. Each component of this armor holds unique significance in a believer’s life, equipping them to withstand the devil’s schemes and to advance the kingdom of God.

In summary, the whole armor of God is not a mere metaphorical concept but a practical call to action for every Christian. By intentionally “putting on” this armor through prayer, study of God’s Word, and faith, Christians can walk confidently in their faith, knowing that they are prepared for the battles that lie ahead. It’s a daily commitment to live in alignment with God’s truth, righteousness, peace, faith, salvation, and the Word of God. When we do so, we can stand firm in the face of adversity, knowing that we are equipped for


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